A Complete Orientation to Information Technology

Are you interested in a career in technology but don’t know which profession is right for you or how to get started? We’ve got you covered!

IT is a broad phrase that encompasses a variety of professional pathways that involve working with network design and security, troubleshooting hardware and software issues, and ensuring a company’s overall technology infrastructure is secure and efficient. In this post, we will define IT, explore the many components of an IT department, discuss the skills required to work in IT, and provide a list of popular IT career prospects.

What exactly is information technology?

Information technology is the broad application of technology to solve corporate or organizational problems through the construction, maintenance, and usage of computer systems, software, and networks. Members of an organization’s IT department collaborate with others to address technology challenges and improve the overall user experience.

IT department components?

An IT department is made up of three parts, each of which performs a different purpose inside a business. Here are the three components of an IT department, along with their functions:

1. Governance

IT experts are in charge of installing and configuring computer networks in businesses. Employees in information technology are responsible for system security and troubleshooting if a problem emerges. This division of an IT department may create and enforce policies and processes that ensure effective IT systems that are run in accordance with the needs of an enterprise.

2. Operations

The IT department manages a company’s computers and provides employee support. Their duties may include installing new software, debugging issues, and training personnel on how to use a software program.

3. Infrastructure and Hardware

The physical components of IT are handled by this division of an IT department. Employees in this area will be in charge of configuring and maintaining the company’s IT equipment, such as routers, laptops, phone systems, and servers.

IT specialists have a variety of career options

IT occupations today range from entry-level employment in web development to senior C-suite positions such as chief information officers. The required training and work experience differ greatly among these diverse vocations, regardless of which of the three main IT sectors you can find work in.

The good news is that information technology is a developing area with numerous job opportunities for employees of all levels of experience. According to the BLS, available positions for web developers, information security analysts, and database administrators, to mention a few, will rise substantially faster than normal. Furthermore, when compared to other significant businesses, IT roles showed unusually high resilience during the COVID-19 pandemic. IT businesses alone advertised around 365,000 job opportunities in May 2021.

IT Professionals’ Required Skills

An IT professional will need a variety of technical skills as well as a combination of hard and soft talents to be successful in their career. The following are the most crucial talents that an IT employer seeks:

Soft skills in IT


Because email communication will most likely be a big part of your employment, most IT jobs demand great communication skills, both verbal and written. As an IT professional, you must be able to communicate effectively with your bosses and coworkers. You will collaborate with them to address technological issues and improve user experience with hardware or software.


Because many IT jobs demand you to work on numerous projects at once, it’s critical to be organized in order to stay on track. Learning how to prioritize your duties is equally important in this industry.

Analytical abilities:

Analytical abilities enable you to detect, diagnose, and resolve technological issues. These skills also enable you to recognize problems before they occur. You should be able to recognize trends over time and key performance indicators when applying analytical skills.


The ability to work with technology in an imaginative and creative manner is a vital qualification in today’s IT occupations. Any company will value your ability to be creative in your approach to issues and solutions.

Project management:

Many projects and responsibilities in IT have deadlines. Good project management abilities can assist you in completing tasks efficiently and meeting tight deadlines. IT managers are frequently called upon to manage their own project deadlines as well as surprise staff who report to them.

Technical abilities

Database administration: IT professionals should be familiar with database software and how to use forms and built-in forms in a database.
Network administration: An IT employee must be able to properly administer a company’s computer network.
IT management: An IT professional’s objective should be to handle various IT resources efficiently in a business.
Software development: Software development is a necessary ability for people in IT operations because an organization may require new software to be built by IT professionals who work with programming.
Information security: Keeping information secure and confidential is a major component of IT for corporate enterprises. To be successful in information technology, an IT professional must have a working knowledge of this technical ability.

Coding: Those who work in IT operations must be familiar with programming languages in order to code for websites, software development, database management, and other technological systems.
Hardware management: IT professionals who work with gear and infrastructure must understand how to configure and maintain hardware to provide the best user experience possible.
Operating systems: Each organization will almost certainly employ a few different operating systems for their devices, and an IT expert should understand not just how these systems work, but also how to debug them.

IT job opportunities

Within the information technology career field, there are numerous intriguing prospects for persons with a wide range of interests. IT employment is expected to rise more in the coming years. Many IT positions include desirable benefits such as a competitive income, the ability to work remotely, and prospects for advancement. Here is a list of 20 IT careers you may consider:

  • Architect of data
  • IT help desk technician Network administrator Database administrator Web Developer
  • IT security expert
  • IT manager Systems analyst Software engineer
  • Programmer of computers
  • Chief information officer, computer hardware engineer
  • Cloud system engineer
  • Senior network administrator
  • System administrator for an extensive network
  • Telecommunications Specialist
  • Director of Technology Systems Designer
  • Analyst for software quality assurance
  • Analyst senior programmer